Immigration Innovation Act of 2018 Introduced in Senate
This article was prepared with the assistance of ABIL, the Alliance of Business Immigration Lawyers, of which Laura Danielson is an active member.
A summary from Sen. Hatch outlines the bill as follows:
Employment-Based Nonimmigrant Visas (H–1B)
U.S. advanced degrees
Uncaps the existing exemption (currently 20,000) for holders of U.S. master’s degrees or higher from the annual numerical limitation on H–1B visas for individuals who are being sponsored for or who will be sponsored for a green card.
Increases the annual base allocation of H–1B visas from 65,000 to 85,000.
Creates a market-based escalator to allow the supply of H–1B visas to meet demand. Under the escalator, up to 110,000 additional H–1B visas (for a total of 195,000) may be granted in a fiscal year if certain demand requirements are met.
Prioritizes adjudication of cap-subject H–1B visa petitions for holders of U.S. master’s degrees or higher, holders of foreign Ph.D.’s and holders of U.S. STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) bachelor’s degrees.
Subjects employers who fail to employ an H–1B worker for more than three months during the individual’s first year of work authorization to a penalty.
Prohibitions on replacement
Prohibits employers from hiring an H–1B visa holder with the purpose and intent to replace a U.S. worker.
Work authorization for H–1B spouses and children
Provides work authorization for spouses and dependent children of H–1B visa holders.
Increases H–1B worker mobility by establishing a grace period during which H–1B visa holders can change jobs without losing legal status.
Updates 1998 law exempting H–1B dependent employers from certain recruitment and nondisplacement requirements. Raises from $60,000 to $100,000 the H–1B salary level at which the salary-based exemption takes effect. Narrows education-based exemption to H–1B hires with a U.S. Ph.D. Eliminates exemptions for “super-dependent” employers.
Per-country numerical limits
Eliminates annual per-country limit for employment-based permanent resident “green cards” and adjusts per-country caps for family-based green cards.
Green card recapture
Enables the recapture of green card numbers that were approved by Congress in previous years but not used.
Exemptions from green card cap
Exempts spouses and children of employment-based green card holders, holders of U.S. STEM master’s degrees or higher, and certain individuals with extraordinary ability in the arts and sciences, from worldwide numerical caps on employment-based green cards.
Increases worker mobility for individuals on the path to a green card by enabling them to change jobs earlier in the process without losing their place in the green card line.
Employment-based conditional green cards
Creates a new conditional green card category to allow U.S. employers to sponsor university-educated foreign professionals through a separate path from H–1B.
Enables F–1 student visa holders to seek permanent resident status while a student or during Optional Practical Training (OPT).
STEM Education and Worker Training
Promoting American Ingenuity Account
Increases fees for H–1B visas and employment-based green cards and directs fees toward state-administered grants to promote STEM education and worker training.